There are two types of fire-fighting equipment: portable (eg fire extinguishers, fire blankets) and fixed systems (eg fire hydrants, sprinkler systems).
Portable fire-fighting equipment
The function of a portable fire extinguisher is to deal with small fires that are detected soon after ignition. We should consider Fire-Fighting equipments as a means of both protection and prevention. For example, portable fire-fighting equipment can prevent a small fire growing out of control and spreading beyond the area of origin, affecting the means of escape and posing a risk to relevant persons.
In straightforward premises, having a couple of convenient dousers of the suitable kind, promptly accessible for use, might be all that is fundamental. In increasingly complex premises, various compact dousers might be required.
There are a number of fixed fire-fighting facilities available, including:
• fire hydrants and rising mains
• hose reel systems
• sprinkler systems
• water mist and fogging systems
• gas systems (sometimes referred to as “clean agent systems”)
• foam systems
• dry powder.